Department of Classical Archaeology
Its archaeological research activities concentrate on the heritage of the two principle civilisations of antiquity – Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome - with an emphasis on the material, building and arts culture of these ancient civilisations.
It researches the material, building and cultural evidence of the contacts of the ancient world with Central Europe, with a focus on the ambiguous polarity between the Roman Empire and the so-called Barbaricum territory.
It takes part in international research projects in Crete (Oxa – Kalos Lakkos, Priniatikos Pyrgos sites) and in the excavations of the Roman military base with a complex of buildings and a massive fortification in Mušov. The research by the American INSTAP on the Priniatikos Pyrgos site is currently one of the most important projects in the Eastern Mediterranean spanning cultures from the Neolithic to medieval Byzantium.
The international aspects of research permeate the teaching in the courses. It is given an opportunity to students, to take part in excavations abroad. The department organises regular semestral cycles of lectures by foreign specialists, students are encouraged to spend part of their studies or a study stay abroad, and excursions to antiquity monuments and heritage are organised.
The studies are characterised by a clearly inter-disciplinary approach: alongside the specialised courses, students receive basic instruction in Latin and Old Greek, ancient literature, ancient history, life and institutions, and the mythology of both cultures. An integral part of the study is acquiring practical experience both during field prospecting and excavations and the consequent laboratory processing, documenting and scientific evaluation of the results. A special emphasis is laid on interlinking the study of the cultural-historical development, social-economic structures and material culture.